Data by WHO, CDC, NHC, CCDC, ECDC and more

COVID-19 live map for the World - StopCorona.info

We use only >official public sources of raw data to track coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2, COVID 19, 2019-nCoV).

Actual data

Confirmed 25924168 new: 17717
Deaths 866247 new: 366
Recovered 17028033 new: 14740
Active 8029888 new: 2611

Regions

United States of America

Confirmed 5997163 new: 34766
Deaths 183069 new: 316
Recovered 2153939 new: 13325
Active 3660155 new: 21125

Brazil

Confirmed 3862311 new: 0
Deaths 120828 new: 200
Recovered 3237615 new: 2979
Active 503868 new: -3179

India

Confirmed 3621245 new: 78761
Deaths 64469 new: 948
Recovered 2774801 new: 64935
Active 781975 new: 12878

Russia

Confirmed 1618116 new: 18283
Deaths 27990 new: 355
Recovered 1215414 new: 14519
Active 374712 new: 3409

Peru

Confirmed 639435 new: 9474
Deaths 28607 new: 136
Recovered 446675 new: 17013
Active 164153 new: -7675

South Africa

Confirmed 625056 new: 2505
Deaths 14028 new: 47
Recovered 538604 new: 1910
Active 72424 new: 548

Colombia

Confirmed 607904 new: 9392
Deaths 19363 new: 297
Recovered 450609 new: 10954
Active 137932 new: -1859

Mexico

Confirmed 595841 new: 5974
Deaths 64158 new: 673
Recovered 489724 new: 4513
Active 41959 new: 788

Spain

Confirmed 439286 new: 9779
Deaths 29011 new: 15
Recovered 150376 new: 0
Active 259899 new: 9764

Chile

Confirmed 409974 new: 1965
Deaths 11244 new: 63
Recovered 382584 new: 1401
Active 16146 new: 501

Argentina

Confirmed 408426 new: 7187
Deaths 8457 new: 104
Recovered 294007 new: 6787
Active 105962 new: 296

United Kingdom

Confirmed 401503 new: 86511
Deaths 44080 new: 89
Recovered 1373 new: 1
Active 356050 new: 86421

Iran

Confirmed 373570 new: 1754
Deaths 21462 new: 103
Recovered 321421 new: 1574
Active 30687 new: 77

France

Confirmed 315813 new: 10866
Deaths 30611 new: 10
Recovered 86495 new: 0
Active 198707 new: 10856

Saudi Arabia

Confirmed 314821 new: 910
Deaths 3870 new: 30
Recovered 289667 new: 1226
Active 21284 new: -346

Bangladesh

Confirmed 310822 new: 1897
Deaths 4248 new: 42
Recovered 201907 new: 3044
Active 104667 new: -1189

Pakistan

Confirmed 295849 new: 264
Deaths 6294 new: 4
Recovered 280682 new: 207
Active 8873 new: 53

Turkey

Confirmed 268546 new: 1482
Deaths 6326 new: 42
Recovered 243839 new: 1027
Active 18381 new: 413

Italy

Confirmed 268218 new: 1365
Deaths 35477 new: 4
Recovered 208536 new: 312
Active 24205 new: 1049

Germany

Confirmed 243305 new: 470
Deaths 9300 new: 1
Recovered 215283 new: 493
Active 18722 new: -24

Iraq

Confirmed 231177 new: 3731
Deaths 6959 new: 68
Recovered 172880 new: 3860
Active 51338 new: -197

Philippines

Confirmed 217396 new: 4265
Deaths 3520 new: 101
Recovered 157403 new: 22302
Active 56473 new: -18138

Indonesia

Confirmed 172053 new: 2858
Deaths 7343 new: 82
Recovered 124185 new: 1383
Active 40525 new: 1393

Canada

Confirmed 129888 new: 249
Deaths 9164 new: 3
Recovered 115460 new: 166
Active 5264 new: 80

Ukraine

Confirmed 124071 new: 2179
Deaths 2605 new: 35
Recovered 59155 new: 619
Active 62311 new: 1525

Qatar

Confirmed 118575 new: 168
Deaths 197 new: 1
Recovered 115430 new: 179
Active 2948 new: -12

Bolivia

Confirmed 115968 new: 945
Deaths 4966 new: 92
Recovered 58497 new: 1835
Active 52505 new: -982

Israel

Confirmed 114020 new: 555
Deaths 919 new: 13
Recovered 92796 new: 692
Active 20305 new: -150

Ecuador

Confirmed 113648 new: 742
Deaths 6555 new: 18
Recovered 101620 new: 6191
Active 5473 new: -5467

Kazakhstan

Confirmed 105795 new: 126
Deaths 1523 new: 0
Recovered 96297 new: 247
Active 7975 new: -121

Netherlands

Confirmed 103136 new: 110
Deaths 12295 new: 1
Recovered 194 new: 1
Active 90647 new: 108

Egypt

Confirmed 98727 new: 230
Deaths 5399 new: 23
Recovered 72120 new: 818
Active 21208 new: -611

Dominican Republic

Confirmed 94241 new: 509
Deaths 1681 new: 8
Recovered 66776 new: 456
Active 25784 new: 45

Panama

Confirmed 92065 new: 1441
Deaths 1995 new: 29
Recovered 65747 new: 1145
Active 24323 new: 267

China

Confirmed 89895 new: 23
Deaths 4722 new: 1
Recovered 84546 new: 66
Active 627 new: -44

Sweden

Confirmed 87072 new: 181
Deaths 5817 new: 3
Recovered 4971 new: 0
Active 76284 new: 178

Romania

Confirmed 86785 new: 952
Deaths 3578 new: 39
Recovered 37665 new: 277
Active 45542 new: 636

Oman

Confirmed 85544 new: 539
Deaths 677 new: 27
Recovered 80459 new: 851
Active 4408 new: -339

Kuwait

Confirmed 84636 new: 412
Deaths 530 new: 2
Recovered 76650 new: 657
Active 7456 new: -247

Belgium

Confirmed 82447 new: 156
Deaths 9996 new: 4
Recovered 18291 new: 17
Active 54160 new: 135

Guatemala

Confirmed 73912 new: 233
Deaths 2740 new: 12
Recovered 61681 new: 518
Active 9491 new: -297

Belarus

Confirmed 71687 new: 164
Deaths 676 new: 5
Recovered 70452 new: 245
Active 559 new: -86

United Arab Emirates

Confirmed 69690 new: 362
Deaths 382 new: 3
Recovered 60600 new: 398
Active 8708 new: -39

Japan

Confirmed 67958 new: 599
Deaths 1285 new: 14
Recovered 55700 new: 817
Active 10973 new: -232

Poland

Confirmed 66870 new: 631
Deaths 2033 new: 1
Recovered 46192 new: 656
Active 18645 new: -26

Morocco

Confirmed 61399 new: 1343
Deaths 1111 new: 33
Recovered 46355 new: 1737
Active 13933 new: -427

Honduras

Confirmed 60174 new: 835
Deaths 1858 new: 15
Recovered 10242 new: 80
Active 48074 new: 740

Portugal

Confirmed 57768 new: 320
Deaths 1819 new: 1
Recovered 41885 new: 119
Active 14064 new: 200

Singapore

Confirmed 56771 new: 54
Deaths 27 new: 0
Recovered 55586 new: 139
Active 1158 new: -85

Nigeria

Confirmed 53865 new: 138
Deaths 1013 new: 2
Recovered 41513 new: 199
Active 11339 new: -63

Bahrain

Confirmed 51574 new: 183
Deaths 189 new: 0
Recovered 48654 new: 379
Active 2731 new: -196

Ethiopia

Confirmed 51122 new: 1468
Deaths 793 new: 23
Recovered 18382 new: 266
Active 31947 new: 1179

Venezuela

Confirmed 45868 new: 1989
Deaths 381 new: 15
Recovered 37091 new: 2119
Active 8396 new: -145

Ghana

Confirmed 44205 new: 87
Deaths 276 new: 6
Recovered 42777 new: 196
Active 1152 new: -115

Algeria

Confirmed 44146 new: 365
Deaths 1501 new: 10
Recovered 30978 new: 261
Active 11667 new: 94

Armenia

Confirmed 43750 new: 124
Deaths 877 new: 5
Recovered 37650 new: 87
Active 5223 new: 32

Kyrgyzstan

Confirmed 42703 new: 196
Deaths 1498 new: 0
Recovered 35831 new: 345
Active 5374 new: -149

Switzerland

Confirmed 42014 new: 292
Deaths 2005 new: 0
Recovered 35800 new: 600
Active 4209 new: -308

Uzbekistan

Confirmed 41528 new: 357
Deaths 315 new: 6
Recovered 38819 new: 405
Active 2394 new: -54

Costa Rica

Confirmed 39699 new: 1214
Deaths 418 new: 11
Recovered 15737 new: 1073
Active 23544 new: 130

Nepal

Confirmed 38561 new: 1221
Deaths 221 new: 14
Recovered 20822 new: 267
Active 17518 new: 940

Afghanistan

Confirmed 38162 new: 19
Deaths 1402 new: 0
Recovered 29089 new: 26
Active 7671 new: -7

Moldova

Confirmed 36700 new: 296
Deaths 992 new: 2
Recovered 25139 new: 0
Active 10569 new: 294

Azerbaijan

Confirmed 36309 new: 135
Deaths 531 new: 2
Recovered 33703 new: 127
Active 2075 new: 6

Kenya

Confirmed 34057 new: 263
Deaths 574 new: 2
Recovered 19688 new: 98
Active 13795 new: 163

Serbia

Confirmed 31365 new: 83
Deaths 711 new: 1
Recovered 15913 new: 0
Active 14741 new: 82

Ireland

Confirmed 28760 new: 40
Deaths 1777 new: 0
Recovered 23364 new: 0
Active 3619 new: 40

Austria

Confirmed 27166 new: 181
Deaths 733 new: 0
Recovered 23070 new: 204
Active 3363 new: -23

Australia

Confirmed 25754 new: 10
Deaths 652 new: 0
Recovered 21114 new: 260
Active 3988 new: -250

El Salvador

Confirmed 25635 new: 98
Deaths 713 new: 5
Recovered 14013 new: 214
Active 10909 new: -121

Czechia

Confirmed 24367 new: 273
Deaths 423 new: 2
Recovered 17547 new: 6
Active 6397 new: 265

Korea, South

Confirmed 19947 new: 299
Deaths 324 new: 2
Recovered 14973 new: 138
Active 4650 new: 159

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Confirmed 19793 new: 243
Deaths 598 new: 4
Recovered 12961 new: 103
Active 6234 new: 136

Cameroon

Confirmed 19142 new: 169
Deaths 411 new: 1
Recovered 17651 new: 1111
Active 1080 new: -943

Cote d'Ivoire

Confirmed 17948 new: 55
Deaths 115 new: 0
Recovered 16553 new: 113
Active 1280 new: -58

Denmark

Confirmed 17316 new: 112
Deaths 624 new: 0
Recovered 15492 new: 127
Active 1200 new: -15

Paraguay

Confirmed 17105 new: 601
Deaths 308 new: 14
Recovered 9146 new: 259
Active 7651 new: 328

Lebanon

Confirmed 16870 new: 595
Deaths 160 new: 5
Recovered 4693 new: 209
Active 12017 new: 381

Bulgaria

Confirmed 16190 new: 26
Deaths 613 new: 8
Recovered 11313 new: 60
Active 4264 new: -42

Madagascar

Confirmed 14843 new: 52
Deaths 191 new: 1
Recovered 13802 new: 49
Active 850 new: 2

North Macedonia

Confirmed 14330 new: 37
Deaths 600 new: 4
Recovered 11062 new: 48
Active 2668 new: -15

Senegal

Confirmed 13556 new: 100
Deaths 284 new: 2
Recovered 9388 new: 155
Active 3884 new: -57

Libya

Confirmed 13423 new: 465
Deaths 232 new: 1
Recovered 1410 new: 77
Active 11781 new: 387

Sudan

Confirmed 13189 new: 107
Deaths 823 new: 0
Recovered 6612 new: 9
Active 5754 new: 98

Kosovo

Confirmed 12683 new: 235
Deaths 488 new: 21
Recovered 8788 new: 283
Active 3407 new: -69

Zambia

Confirmed 12025 new: 123
Deaths 287 new: 3
Recovered 11454 new: 362
Active 284 new: -242

Norway

Confirmed 10643 new: 32
Deaths 264 new: 0
Recovered 9348 new: 0
Active 1031 new: 32

Greece

Confirmed 10134 new: 157
Deaths 262 new: 2
Recovered 1374 new: 0
Active 8498 new: 155

Croatia

Confirmed 10123 new: 262
Deaths 184 new: 1
Recovered 7212 new: 188
Active 2727 new: 73

Congo (Kinshasa)

Confirmed 10045 new: 38
Deaths 258 new: 0
Recovered 9103 new: 35
Active 684 new: 3

Albania

Confirmed 9380 new: 101
Deaths 280 new: 5
Recovered 5139 new: 119
Active 3961 new: -23

Guinea

Confirmed 9371 new: 120
Deaths 59 new: 0
Recovered 8387 new: 105
Active 925 new: 15

Malaysia

Confirmed 9334 new: 17
Deaths 126 new: 1
Recovered 9048 new: 10
Active 160 new: 6

Tajikistan

Confirmed 8516 new: 35
Deaths 68 new: 0
Recovered 7309 new: 33
Active 1139 new: 2

Gabon

Confirmed 8505 new: 37
Deaths 53 new: 0
Recovered 7187 new: 121
Active 1265 new: -84

Haiti

Confirmed 8209 new: 35
Deaths 201 new: 0
Recovered 5828 new: 85
Active 2180 new: -50

Finland

Confirmed 8077 new: 28
Deaths 335 new: 0
Recovered 7200 new: 0
Active 542 new: 28

Luxembourg

Confirmed 7928 new: 90
Deaths 124 new: 0
Recovered 7140 new: 26
Active 664 new: 64

Maldives

Confirmed 7667 new: 89
Deaths 28 new: 0
Recovered 5036 new: 111
Active 2603 new: -22

Namibia

Confirmed 7365 new: 249
Deaths 72 new: 3
Recovered 2929 new: 112
Active 4364 new: 134

Mauritania

Confirmed 7016 new: 4
Deaths 159 new: 1
Recovered 6430 new: 23
Active 427 new: -20

Zimbabwe

Confirmed 6412 new: 6
Deaths 196 new: 0
Recovered 5061 new: 5
Active 1155 new: 1

Hungary

Confirmed 5961 new: 292
Deaths 614 new: 0
Recovered 3759 new: 0
Active 1588 new: 292

Malawi

Confirmed 5536 new: 8
Deaths 174 new: 0
Recovered 3147 new: 4
Active 2215 new: 4

Djibouti

Confirmed 5385 new: 0
Deaths 60 new: 0
Recovered 5319 new: 5
Active 6 new: -5

Equatorial Guinea

Confirmed 4941 new: 13
Deaths 83 new: 0
Recovered 3884 new: 86
Active 974 new: -73

Montenegro

Confirmed 4790 new: 63
Deaths 98 new: 5
Recovered 3963 new: 124
Active 729 new: -66

Central African Republic

Confirmed 4700 new: 2
Deaths 61 new: 0
Recovered 1784 new: 2
Active 2855 new: 0

Eswatini

Confirmed 4561 new: 51
Deaths 91 new: 0
Recovered 3478 new: 119
Active 992 new: -68

Nicaragua

Confirmed 4494 new: 183
Deaths 137 new: 4
Recovered 2913 new: 0
Active 1444 new: 179

Rwanda

Confirmed 4020 new: 177
Deaths 16 new: 0
Recovered 1918 new: 14
Active 2086 new: 163

Suriname

Confirmed 4009 new: 55
Deaths 67 new: 0
Recovered 3073 new: 82
Active 869 new: -27

Congo (Brazzaville)

Confirmed 3979 new: 129
Deaths 78 new: 1
Recovered 1742 new: 117
Active 2159 new: 11

Cuba

Confirmed 3973 new: 48
Deaths 94 new: 0
Recovered 3327 new: 54
Active 552 new: -6

Slovakia

Confirmed 3876 new: 34
Deaths 33 new: 0
Recovered 2278 new: 24
Active 1565 new: 10

Mozambique

Confirmed 3821 new: 61
Deaths 23 new: 1
Recovered 2100 new: 22
Active 1698 new: 38

Tunisia

Confirmed 3685 new: 113
Deaths 76 new: 0
Recovered 1562 new: 26
Active 2047 new: 87

Thailand

Confirmed 3412 new: 0
Deaths 58 new: 0
Recovered 3252 new: 10
Active 102 new: -10

Somalia

Confirmed 3310 new: 0
Deaths 98 new: 1
Recovered 2481 new: 0
Active 731 new: -1

Sri Lanka

Confirmed 3012 new: 17
Deaths 12 new: 0
Recovered 2860 new: 11
Active 140 new: 6

Gambia

Confirmed 2963 new: 68
Deaths 96 new: 0
Recovered 1032 new: 281
Active 1835 new: -213

Uganda

Confirmed 2928 new: 81
Deaths 30 new: 1
Recovered 1288 new: 0
Active 1610 new: 80

Lithuania

Confirmed 2874 new: 35
Deaths 86 new: 0
Recovered 1837 new: 4
Active 951 new: 31

Slovenia

Confirmed 2865 new: 31
Deaths 133 new: 0
Recovered 2283 new: 15
Active 449 new: 16

Mali

Confirmed 2773 new: 16
Deaths 126 new: 0
Recovered 2169 new: 48
Active 478 new: -32

Syria

Confirmed 2703 new: 75
Deaths 109 new: 3
Recovered 614 new: 15
Active 1980 new: 57

Angola

Confirmed 2624 new: 73
Deaths 107 new: 0
Recovered 1335 new: 22
Active 1182 new: 51

South Sudan

Confirmed 2519 new: 1
Deaths 47 new: 0
Recovered 1290 new: 0
Active 1182 new: 1

Jamaica

Confirmed 2357 new: 102
Deaths 21 new: 1
Recovered 890 new: 2
Active 1446 new: 99

Guinea-Bissau

Confirmed 2205 new: 56
Deaths 34 new: 1
Recovered 1127 new: 112
Active 1044 new: -57

Bahamas

Confirmed 2167 new: 78
Deaths 50 new: 0
Recovered 782 new: 27
Active 1335 new: 51

Benin

Confirmed 2145 new: 30
Deaths 40 new: 1
Recovered 1738 new: 33
Active 367 new: -4

Iceland

Confirmed 2105 new: 5
Deaths 10 new: 0
Recovered 1990 new: 11
Active 105 new: -6

Estonia

Confirmed 2079 new: 8
Deaths 69 new: 0
Recovered 1934 new: 4
Active 76 new: 4

Sierra Leone

Confirmed 2022 new: 3
Deaths 70 new: 0
Recovered 1594 new: 3
Active 358 new: 0

Jordan

Confirmed 1966 new: 73
Deaths 15 new: 0
Recovered 1468 new: 21
Active 483 new: 52

Yemen

Confirmed 1953 new: 7
Deaths 564 new: 1
Recovered 1123 new: 10
Active 266 new: -4

Malta

Confirmed 1862 new: 15
Deaths 12 new: 2
Recovered 1313 new: 69
Active 537 new: -56

New Zealand

Confirmed 1738 new: 2
Deaths 22 new: 0
Recovered 1585 new: 2
Active 131 new: 0

Trinidad and Tobago

Confirmed 1683 new: 38
Deaths 21 new: 2
Recovered 894 new: 0
Active 768 new: 36

Botswana

Confirmed 1633 new: 71
Deaths 6 new: 3
Recovered 224 new: 25
Active 1403 new: 43

Uruguay

Confirmed 1585 new: 15
Deaths 44 new: 0
Recovered 1378 new: 14
Active 163 new: 1

Cyprus

Confirmed 1487 new: 10
Deaths 20 new: 0
Recovered 935 new: 0
Active 532 new: 10

Georgia

Confirmed 1469 new: 7
Deaths 19 new: 0
Recovered 1221 new: 25
Active 229 new: -18

Togo

Confirmed 1396 new: 6
Deaths 27 new: 0
Recovered 996 new: 6
Active 373 new: 0

Latvia

Confirmed 1393 new: 12
Deaths 34 new: 0
Recovered 1163 new: 0
Active 196 new: 12

Burkina Faso

Confirmed 1357 new: 5
Deaths 55 new: 0
Recovered 1058 new: 0
Active 244 new: 5

Liberia

Confirmed 1304 new: 6
Deaths 82 new: 0
Recovered 872 new: 40
Active 350 new: -34

Guyana

Confirmed 1234 new: 54
Deaths 36 new: 1
Recovered 687 new: 54
Active 511 new: -1

Niger

Confirmed 1175 new: 2
Deaths 69 new: 0
Recovered 1085 new: 1
Active 21 new: 1

Andorra

Confirmed 1124 new: 26
Deaths 53 new: 0
Recovered 902 new: 9
Active 169 new: 17

Lesotho

Confirmed 1085 new: 34
Deaths 31 new: 0
Recovered 528 new: 2
Active 526 new: 32

Vietnam

Confirmed 1040 new: 0
Deaths 32 new: 0
Recovered 695 new: 18
Active 313 new: -18

Chad

Confirmed 1012 new: 4
Deaths 77 new: 0
Recovered 878 new: 0
Active 57 new: 4

Belize

Confirmed 993 new: 94
Deaths 13 new: 1
Recovered 117 new: 22
Active 863 new: 71

Sao Tome and Principe

Confirmed 896 new: 1
Deaths 15 new: 0
Recovered 851 new: 3
Active 30 new: -2

San Marino

Confirmed 696 new: 0
Deaths 45 new: 3
Recovered 609 new: 18
Active 42 new: -21

Diamond Princess cruise ship,

Confirmed 691 new: 0
Deaths 3 new: 0
Recovered - new: 30
Active 688 new: -30

Tanzania

Confirmed 509 new: 29
Deaths 21 new: 5
Recovered 183 new: 16
Active 305 new: 8

Taiwan*

Confirmed 488 new: 1
Deaths 7 new: 0
Recovered 462 new: 0
Active 19 new: 1

Burundi

Confirmed 445 new: 14
Deaths 1 new: 0
Recovered 357 new: 12
Active 87 new: 2

Comoros

Confirmed 423 new: 1
Deaths 7 new: 0
Recovered 399 new: 0
Active 17 new: 1

Mauritius

Confirmed 355 new: 7
Deaths 10 new: 0
Recovered 335 new: 0
Active 10 new: 7

Eritrea

Confirmed 318 new: 1
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 284 new: 0
Active 34 new: 1

Mongolia

Confirmed 301 new: 0
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 295 new: 4
Active 6 new: -4

Cambodia

Confirmed 274 new: 0
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 266 new: 1
Active 8 new: -1

Bhutan

Confirmed 224 new: 11
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 140 new: 16
Active 84 new: -5

Barbados

Confirmed 173 new: 3
Deaths 7 new: 0
Recovered 145 new: 4
Active 21 new: -1

Monaco

Confirmed 154 new: 4
Deaths 4 new: 0
Recovered 116 new: 1
Active 34 new: 3

Brunei

Confirmed 144 new: 1
Deaths 3 new: 0
Recovered 139 new: 0
Active 2 new: 1

Seychelles

Confirmed 136 new: 4
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 127 new: 1
Active 9 new: 3

Antigua and Barbuda

Confirmed 94 new: 0
Deaths 3 new: 0
Recovered 91 new: 2
Active 0 new: -2

Liechtenstein

Confirmed 86 new: 1
Deaths 2 new: 0
Recovered 72 new: 14
Active 12 new: -13

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Confirmed 60 new: 2
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 57 new: 0
Active 3 new: 2

Fiji

Confirmed 28 new: 0
Deaths 2 new: 1
Recovered 23 new: 0
Active 3 new: -1

Saint Lucia

Confirmed 26 new: 1
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 25 new: 0
Active 1 new: 1

Grenada

Confirmed 24 new: 0
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 24 new: 1
Active 0 new: -1

Laos

Confirmed 22 new: 0
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 21 new: 1
Active 1 new: -1

Dominica

Confirmed 20 new: 1
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 18 new: 0
Active 2 new: 1

Holy See

Confirmed 12 new: 0
Deaths 0 new: 0
Recovered 12 new: 10
Active 0 new: -10

Western Sahara

Confirmed 10 new: 1
Deaths 1 new: 0
Recovered 8 new: 0
Active 1 new: 1